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Opens a local image file, if it exists there. If it doesn't, fetches the image from the network and then saves to the local file for next time.

pub package

network_to_file_image #

This package combines NetworkImage and FileImage to:

  • Download the image once from the URL,
  • Save it to the local file system,
  • Use the saved image from the file system from then on.

In more detail: #

Given a file and url of an image, it first tries to read it from the local file. It decodes the given File object as an image, associating it with the given scale.

However, if the image doesn't yet exist as a local file, it fetches the given URL from the network, associating it with the given scale, and then saves it to the local file. The image will be cached regardless of cache headers from the server.

Notes: #

  • If the provided url is null or empty, NetworkToFileImage will default to FileImage. It will read the image from the local file, and won't try to download it from the network.

  • If the provided file is null, NetworkToFileImage will default to NetworkImage. It will download the image from the network, and won't save it locally.

Use the package #

Import path_provider in your pubspec.yaml file:

path_provider: ^2.1.1 

Then use it to create a File from a file name:

Future<File> file(String filename) async {
  Directory dir = await getApplicationDocumentsDirectory();
  String pathName = p.join(dir.path, filename);
  return File(pathName);
}

var myFile = await file("myFileName.png"),

Then, create the image:

Image(image: 
   NetworkToFileImage(
      url: "https://example.com/someFile.png", 
      file: myFile,
   )
)

If you make debug: true it prints to the console whether the image was read from the file or fetched from the network:

Image(image: 
   NetworkToFileImage(
      url: "https://example.com/someFile.png", 
      file: myFile, 
      debug: true,
   )
)    

Try running the NetworkToFileImage example.

Important: #

The directory where you want to save the image must already exist in the local disk. Otherwise, the image won't be saved.

Canvas #

You can also load images to use with the Canvas object of the paint method of a CustomPainter.

ImageProviders can't be used directly with the Canvas object, but you can use the provided ImageForCanvas class.

For example: Suppose a User object that contains url and filename properties:

var imageForCanvas = ImageForCanvas<User>(
        imageProviderSupplier: (User user) => NetworkToFileImage(file: user.file, url: user.url),
        keySupplier: (User user) => user.filename,
        loadCallback: (image, obj, key) => setState((){}),
      );

// While the image is downloading, this will return null.
var myImage = imageForCanvas.image(user);

if (myImage != null) {
    canvas.drawImage(myImage, ...);
    }

It will use the regular image cache from Flutter, and works not only with NetworkToFileImage provider, but any other image providers.

Try running the ImageForCanvas example.

Tests #

You can set mock files (local and in the network). Please see methods:

  • setMockFile(File file, Uint8List bytes)
  • setMockUrl(String url, Uint8List bytes)
  • clearMocks()
  • clearMockFiles()
  • clearMockUrls()

Your mocked urls are usually only seen by the NetworkToFileImage class. However, you may override the default Dart http methods so that these urls are visible to other ImageProviders.

To that end, simply call this method:

NetworkToFileImage.startHttpOverride();

You can stop the http override by calling:

NetworkToFileImage.stopHttpOverride();

Special thanks: Hugo Passos helped with the http override.

The Flutter packages I've authored:

My Medium Articles:

My article in the official Flutter documentation:


Marcelo Glasberg:
https://github.com/marcglasberg
https://linkedin.com/in/marcglasberg/
https://twitter.com/glasbergmarcelo
https://stackoverflow.com/users/3411681/marcg
https://medium.com/@marcglasberg

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Opens a local image file, if it exists there. If it doesn't, fetches the image from the network and then saves to the local file for next time.

Repository (GitHub)
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Topics

#image #network-image #cache #network #widget

Documentation

API reference

License

BSD-2-Clause (LICENSE)

Dependencies

flutter

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